The use of racial anti-discrimination laws : gender and citizenship in a multicultural context (GENDERACE, 2008-2010)
The GendeRace project is researching the effectiveness of Racial Discrimination laws from the point of view of the target group and in a gender perspective. The research is granted by the FP 7 European Union, and gathers six European research’s team stemming from Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
Since 2000, the European Union has developed a new legal framework for equality. With the adoption of the Article 13 of the Amsterdam Treaty, the EU has enlarged its competence in the field of antidiscrimination. The direct consequence was the adoption of two new directives in 2000, which broadened the scope of prohibited discrimination by adding “race” and ethnic origin, religion and belief, disability, sexual orientation and age to sex and nationality.
In addition, the fight against discrimination on the grounds of sex was recently reinforced : two further new directives have been adopted, one on gender equality in employment, the other on occupation and provision of goods and services.
But people have multiple identities. They have a gender, an age and some of them may belong to a minority group, have a religion, a sexual orientation or a disability. Among these groups, women have a specific position because of the intersection of gender discrimination with other grounds for discrimination, especially “race” or origin. Research shows that the cumulative effects of gender and “race” discrimination lead migrant women to the most disadvantaged position in many EU member states.
Despite the fact that intersectional discrimination in terms of “race”/culture/origin and Sex/gender has been recognised, the concerned international bodies have not developed corresponding legal instruments. As a result, the intersectional experience of discrimination based on race and gender is not recognized and treated properly in legal and institutional frameworks built around single types of discrimination because discriminations are seen as one-dimensional and as affecting all people - men and women – in the same way.
The goal of the project is to improve our understanding of the phenomenon of double discrimination (race and gender) and to develop practical tools to allow administrations, NGOs and specialised bodies to better assess the effectiveness of policies and practices in the field of antidiscrimination when faced with cases of double discrimination.
Grant Agreement n° SSH7-CT-2008-217237.
- Podcast ULB août 2010 (MP3, 12.6 Mo)