The Changing Nature of Employment in Europe

Statut de la recherche : recherche en cours

The Changing Nature of Employment in Europe in the Context of Challenges, Threats and Opportunities for Employees and Employers (Changing Employment)

Marie Curie ITN- PEOPLE-2012- Research Training Programme “Changing Employment”


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Overview of the Marie Curie ITN- PEOPLE-2012- Research Training Programme “Changing Employment”

Europe is today facing several major challenges. These go beyond the future of the euro and the instability of the financial system to some of the underlying issues concerned with the work activities that underpin the European economy. How can Europe retain manufacturing and production as restructuring and relocation towards lower-wage costs economies gathers pace ? As demographic change lifts the proportions of older workers in society and in employment, how can Europe both maintain decent levels of pensions and provide decent jobs for younger workers ? As cross-border migration becomes ever easier how can migrant workers be fully integrated and accepted into the European labour market ? How can aspirations for decent jobs be squared with the nearly pan-European progression of precarious work ? Europe’s future depends in large part on the answers it can provide to these questions within the context of the vision of a competitive, technologically-innovative economy bolstered by a high road social model that was captured in the Europe 2020 strategy.
The aim of the programme is to comprehensively develop research and train a cross-European and interdisciplinary network of policy-focused social scientists to be highly skilled in understanding, analyzing, and responding to social and institutional employment changes.

- Overall, it will :

1. Explore how societal differences explain national variations in
employees’ experiences of working life ;
2. Examine the changing relations between management and employees and how these might explain differing forms of ‘employee voice’ and
impact upon social dialogue ;

3. Develop a comparative understanding of the changing quality of work,
organisation and employment in the context of the (above) changes ;
4. Consider the patterns and consequences of workplace inclusion and exclusion in relation to labour markets changes such as migration, employment and unemployment, of shifting inequalities in terms of gender and ethnicity and the implications for older employees of new patterns of work and retirement ;

5. Assess the variable impact of the current economic retrenchment
on these forms of employment relations across Europe.

- Scientific objectives

Changing Employment’s objectives are to identify the nature of the restructuring of European labour markets and economies as a result of current economic and social change, and to explore the impact on work relations and working lives, recognising that this will have implications for gender, ethnicity and young and older people at work.

We explore these questions around three themes :

1. Management and Employee relations (ME) ;
2. Inclusion and Exclusion at work, including examination of the character of democratic engagement (IE) ;

3. Impact of the quality of work itself and change on Employee Well-being and Work-Life Quality (EW&WLQ).

- Training objectives

The programme is designed to provide researchers with a multi-disciplinary and cross-sectoral understanding of these changing employment conditions within Europe. The programme aims to develop researchers’ skills in advanced social and comparative research methods and, through the variety of employment situations, secondments and training events planned, provide the transferrable skills required to undertake work with commercial, educational, governmental and third level agencies in the context of changes in working life.

- Partners Institutions

• University of Strathclyde
• University of Gothenburg 
• University Libre de Bruxelles
• University of Paris Evry, Centre Pierre Naville
• Kozep-europai Egyetem (Central European University)
• University of Oviedo
• University of Wroclaw
• London Metropolitan University 
• Catholic University of Leuven
• European Trade Union Institute
• ConsultingEuropa
• ILO 
• Neuroedukacja
• EDF 
• Edrington